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Surviving a Chemical Attack in the Kurdish Conflict

Dublin Core

Title

Surviving a Chemical Attack in the Kurdish Conflict

Subject

Anfal Campaign, Iraq, 1986-1989.
Chemical weapons -- Iraq.

Description

Oral history video clip featuring Asad Gozeh, Kurdish survivor of the Al-Anfal Campaign. This video was originally produced by Media Entertainment, Inc., for the 2000 documentary The Genocide Factor.

Creator

Media Entertainment, Inc.

Source

Genocide Factor Collection, Oral History Program, Tampa Library, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Publisher

Tampa, Fla. : University of South Florida, Tampa Library.

Date

1999-11-20

Contributor

Gozeh, Asad
Saunders, Pamela

Relation

G36-00045
Tape Number: 4113G

Format

video / mp4

Language

English

Type

Oral History

Coverage

Iraq.
Kurdistan.

Oral History Item Type Metadata

Interviewer

Saunders, Pamela

Interviewee

Gozeh, Asad

Transcription

The goats that I saw was during the first gas usage on the village of Shaikh Wassan. I survived, as I say, the first chemical attack. I had -- my brother was affected very badly. About 200 people, we were at the top of the mountain hiding. I had to take care of six people. I went down to where I was living and got some bread and some food that I had and packed it in my bag, and carried it and went back to where they were living.

After the third day, there was at the same time a campaign, a military campaign, coming through the valley. They killed the survivors. They burned the villages that were there; there was forty-two villages in that valley. They destroyed every single village by bulldozers, razed them to the ground, and then killed the survivors, arrested them, and they were buried in a mass grave. We found it out in September of '91, the mass grave for them.

I went down to the village. I saw couple goats in the village. The goat had a baby. And because the mustard gas makes affect the weak parts of the body -- the eyes, the armpits, and for the goat the eye was the first thing that got affected. So both the mother and the baby goat were blind. They were calling each other, but they could not reach each other. I can't forget that scene. What's the fault of the animals?

The problem with mass destruction weapons is that they don't distinguish between birds, human being, and civilians and fighters and animals. They kill everything. They kill anything breathing.

Original Format

Beta tape

Duration

2:34

Citation

Media Entertainment, Inc., “Surviving a Chemical Attack in the Kurdish Conflict,” USF Library Special & Digital Collections Exhibits, accessed September 18, 2019, http://exhibits.lib.usf.edu/items/show/363.

Geolocation