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Eva's Separation from Her Mother

Dublin Core

Title

Eva's Separation from Her Mother

Subject

Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)

Description

Oral history video clip featuring Eva Schloss, Holocaust survivor. This video was originally produced by Media Entertainment, Inc., for the 2000 documentary The Genocide Factor.

Creator

Media Entertainment, Inc.

Source

Genocide Factor Collection, Oral History Program, Tampa Library,
University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Publisher

Tampa, Fla. : University of South Florida Tampa Library.

Date

2000-05-11

Contributor

Schloss, Eva

Relation

G36-00022
Tape number: 4002F

Format

video / mpg4

Language

English

Type

Oral History

Identifier

Tape number: 4002F

Coverage

Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)

Oral History Item Type Metadata

Interviewee

Schloss, Eva

Transcription

So he made two sides: the people to live and the people to die. And I ran across to say goodbye to my mother, and a Gestapo woman hit me with a big stick over my back and separated us. And then there were about forty women who had been selected to be gassed from this group; they were marched out naked into the street. And then later I heard from my mother that they were put into a block, was all into a barrack, locked up; they didn't get food, nothing, and so you can imagine the atmosphere in this barrack. At that time there were forty, but every day some more came in there till they had enough to kill those people. And that particular night, we were told that we were going to a different part of the camp. There were all--many different camps, all surrounded by electrified barbed wire, and it was A, B, C Camp and so on. And we were at the time--I think it was A Camp, and we were going to be moved to D Camp. So I realized that this was my last chance to tell Minni that--what had happened to my mother. So when everybody had gone into their bunks, I sneaked through the--she was in a different part of the camp, but it was connected because most parts, they are separated with a gate and barbed wires, but there was a connection between where she was and we were that night. And there were always search lights who turned around, and guards standing on those watch towers, but somehow--you know, I was so desperate, and you know, I was fifteen years old. So I knew if I was going to be caught, I was going to be killed immediately. I still sneaked through this open gate to where I knew Minni was sleeping, and I got into her barrack and I searched for her and asked where Minni was. I woke her up and I told her my mother had been selected by Dr. Mengele and could she perhaps do something? And then I sneaked back to where I was, and in the morning we were moved to a different part. So, I assumed my mother was going to be gassed. I didn't know, really. Later, of course, many months later, about three four months later, I was reunited with my mother because somebody had come from--again, from a different part of the camp where I was working at the time. This was already November of forty-four [1944] and a lot of the camp was already evacuated, because the Germans realized by that time that the Russians were approaching and they had become quite nervous and they didn't want the camp to be liberated by the Russians. So they every day took lots of people out of Auschwitz to march into Germany. Those were later called the death marches, because many, many thousands of people died on the road from exhaustion. It was everything covered in snow. They had very little food, very little clothes, and many people died at the roadside. When they sat down to have a rest, they were shot or just collapsed.

Original Format

Beta tape

Duration

4:32

Citation

Media Entertainment, Inc., “Eva's Separation from Her Mother,” USF Library Special & Digital Collections Exhibits, accessed October 23, 2019, http://exhibits.lib.usf.edu/items/show/465.

Geolocation