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Evacuating Auschwitz

Dublin Core


Evacuating Auschwitz


Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945).
World War, 1939-1945, -- Concentration camps -- Liberation.
Auschwitz (Concentration camp).


Oral history video clip featuring Eva Schloss, Holocaust survivor. This video was originally produced by Media Entertainment, Inc., for the 2000 documentary The Genocide Factor.


Media Entertainment, Inc.


Genocide Factor Collection, Oral History Program, Tampa Library,
University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.


Tampa, Fla. : University of South Florida Tampa Library.




Schloss, Eva


Tape number: 4003E


video / mpg4




Oral History


Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)

Oral History Item Type Metadata


Schloss, Eva


That was on the twenty-first of January. The Germans--we woke up--I was reunited with my mother in that same block where Minni was; it's a hospital block. But at that time Mengele had disappeared already, and there were no selections anymore and people could stay there. But a lot of people, of course, died. My mother was very, very weak. But I slept at that time with my mother in the same bunk. And every day the Germans called out that people had to come outside the barrack and get ready on the march to be evacuated. But this was really a hospital block, and most people were really too weak to go. And this happened for many nights. They called out, ready to march. And there were air raids, because the Russian were approaching. We heard the airplanes, we heard gunfire. And the Germans, most of them had disappeared, had run off. But there were still some, and they took the people away with them. And each night when an air raid was, we went back into the barrack, and several hours later we were called out again to get ready for the march, and this had gone on for several days. And one night they called out again, ready for the march, and we were very, very tired and I said to my mother, "Let's not go out, let's stay here. I'm sure they wont go anyway. They'll just come back." And in the morning we woke up: they were gone. But why we really wanted to go along was because the rumor was that after they had taken away everybody who did march, the rest who were still staying behind, they were going to lock up the barracks and burn it down. So that's why nobody really wanted to stay behind, so everybody who possibly could go went. So, about 120 people were left behind in this one barrack, and that was mainly really very, very ill and weak people. So there only were really a handful of people who could walk around, and I was one of those.

Original Format

Beta tape




Media Entertainment, Inc., “Evacuating Auschwitz,” USF Library Special & Digital Collections Exhibits, accessed July 13, 2020,