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The Russians Take Over Auschwitz, Part 1

Dublin Core


The Russians Take Over Auschwitz, Part 1


Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945).
Auschwitz (Concentration camp).
World War, 1939-1945, -- Concentration camps -- Liberation.


Oral history video clip featuring Eva Schloss, Holocaust survivor. This video was originally produced by Media Entertainment, Inc., for the 2000 documentary The Genocide Factor.


Media Entertainment, Inc.


Genocide Factor Collection, Oral History Program, Tampa Library,
University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.


Tampa, Fla. : University of South Florida Tampa Library.




Schloss, Eva


Tape number: 4003F


video / mpg4




Oral Histroy


Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)

Oral History Item Type Metadata


Schloss, Eva


And we were about ten days without anybody. The Germans had gone and the Russians hadn't come yet. And it was bitter, bitter cold; it was in Celsius about minus thirty degrees. There was a little pond in front of the camp, which was frozen, but that was the only possibility to get some water. So I and a few other people went there every morning to hack open the ice and get a bit of water for the people to drink in the camp. And we looked around, and we found barracks of everything you can imagine, because every transport who had come to Auschwitz had to bring goods along, and they told them for the camp. Some people had brought a whole trainload of jam, others of clothing, others of eiderdown, of shoes: and all this the Germans kept for shipping for Germany. But in the last few weeks, they didn't have time to do that, so the camp was full and full of stores with just everything you can imagine. And we raided those barracks. We broke it open and took certain things like blankets and shoes and some clothes and whatever we--but we still couldn't really cook anything. And then one day I was looking around again, walking around to see what was going on, and at the gate I saw a huge creature and all--with icicles, covered in snow, and his hair--hairy, with again snow and ice on him. And I thought from the distance that it was a bear, because you know, there was nothing there in the middle of winter, there was no food. And bears were still around in Poland and Russia. So I approached very, very carefully to see what it was, and when I came a bit nearer, I realized that it wasn’t a bear but a Russian soldier. And you know, they have those big fur caps and things, and a fur coat. And so I run to him and tears come down my face and I embarrassed him, and he looked at me if he had seen a monster as well, because you know, I must have looked terrible without hair, and I wore a very, very big heavy men's coat, boots and--you know, I must have looked most peculiar. And he must have known about the camps, and then I took him and showed him the barracks with all those nearly dying people.

Original Format

Beta tape




Media Entertainment, Inc., “The Russians Take Over Auschwitz, Part 1,” USF Library Special & Digital Collections Exhibits, accessed October 22, 2020,