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The Russians Take Over Auschwitz, Part 2

Dublin Core


The Russians Take Over Auschwitz, Part 2


Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945).
Auschwitz (Concentration camp).
World War, 1939-1945, -- Concentration camps -- Liberation.


Oral history video clip featuring Eva Schloss, Holocaust survivor. This video was originally produced by Media Entertainment, Inc., for the 2000 documentary The Genocide Factor.


Media Entertainment, Inc.


Genocide Factor Collection, Oral History Program, Tampa Library,
University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.


Tampa, Fla. : University of South Florida Tampa Library.




Schloss, Eva


Tape number 4003G


video / mp4




Oral History


Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)

Oral History Item Type Metadata


Schloss, Eva


But the Russians were fighting--the war was, of course, not finished--and those were just advanced troops, mainly on horses. And a few came into the camp, and they stayed for one or two days. They put down their field kitchen and cooked soups, cabbage soup with bacon and beans in it. And we couldn't really digest that, so we--you know we ate it because it was hot food, but many, many people died after they ate that food because their stomachs just couldn't cope with it. And me too, I had terrible cramps, and most of the night after I've eaten this I sat on a bucket with terrible diarrhea. But you know, the next time when they came and cooked again, we ate it again because--you know, we were still starving, and food was still very, very important to us. And eventually--this happened for many days, but they never stayed. And eventually I said to my mother, "I can't really stay here like that. I don't know what's going to happen." And you still heard shooting and it looked very dangerously, and the Russians too--there were some Jewish boys with the army, and we could speak a little bit of Yiddish, and they said they don't know really if Auschwitz will stay in the hands of the Russians; the Germans might advance again. So we decided to go to the men's camp, what I told you before, to try to find our family. And I did that and didn't find, of course, my family. But I came back to get my mother, and then we decided we would go to Auschwitz, and there was--that was more organized, because Auschwitz was quite a different camp from Birkenau. In Auschwitz, where the men were, those were the barracks of the Polish Army before the war--and during the war, in the beginning. And there were proper brick buildings, two stories high, where there were toilet facilities, and there was water and there were bunks, just one, for one person to sleep: three high but everybody had their own bunk. But in Birkenau, which was used for the Polish cavalry for their horses--so there were no beds in there, no heating, no water. It was much, much worse for the women. So we went to the men's camp--of course, we didn't know that at first, but we went there and we realized that it was much better there. And the Russians had started there to have some administration, and they stayed there; a group stayed there permanently to organize things. For instance, they cut down the three high bunk beds for single beds so that people wouldn't have to climb up. And they gave us soap, and they looked after us, as good as they could.

Original Format

Beta tape




Media Entertainment, Inc., “The Russians Take Over Auschwitz, Part 2,” USF Library Special & Digital Collections Exhibits, accessed October 22, 2020,