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Comparing Burundi and Rwanda

Dublin Core

Title

Comparing Burundi and Rwanda

Subject

Burundi -- History -- Civil War, 1993-2005.

Description

Oral history video clip featuring Henri Boyi, a Professor at University of Western Ontario. This video was originally produced by Media Entertainment, Inc., for the 2000 documentary The Genocide Factor.

Creator

Media Entertainment, Inc.

Source

Genocide Factor Collection, Oral History Program, Tampa Library,
University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Publisher

Tampa, Fla. : University of South Florida Tampa Library.

Date

1999-07-26

Contributor

Boyi, Henri

Relation

G36-00034
Tape number: 4048E

Format

video / mp4

Language

English

Type

Oral History

Coverage

Burundi.

Oral History Item Type Metadata

Interviewer

Kennedy, Michael

Interviewee

Boyi, Henri

Transcription

The only difference is that in Burundi, less people died, less people were killed. And there are reasons for that. In Rwanda, the Hutus had been in power since 1959, and they were very well organized in terms of ruling all the institutions. The few Tutsis who were still in Rwanda were not allowed to hold any political positions, for instance. They were very much limited in terms of education. Mind you, Rwanda was--beside South Africa and apartheid—was the only country in the world that had ethnic--that had the ethnic—that had the ethnic mention on the identity card, the national identity card. Burundi didn't. So in Rwanda, the Hutu government was really not threatened by those totally limited, politically and socially and professionally, Tutsis; whereas in Burundi, the Tutsis were in power for almost as long as the Hutus were in Rwanda. So the Tutsis had, even though they were not preventing the Hutus to go up—as a matter of fact, they had even—we had had elections, and that was maybe the first time in the region that we had democratic elections, so-called democratic elections. So the Tutsis had a lot of people in the military, for instance, and that’s how it was possible to limit the massacres, which had not been possible, again, in Rwanda, because the military are the ones who committed the genocide in Rwanda, together with the militias. But in Burundi, it was different, and that's why less people died in Burundi. Otherwise, it's the same school of thought. Most people who started killings in Burundi--be it in '65, in '72, in '88, or in 1993--the people who were really masterminding these genocidal killings had come from Rwanda. Most of them would come from Rwanda, Burundians who had been into exile in Rwanda and who came to do all these teachings. So there are lots of things in common. The slogan is the same. Tutsis in Rwanda, as well as Tutsis in Burundi, are said to have come from Egypt.

Original Format

Beta tape

Duration

3:57

Citation

Media Entertainment, Inc., “Comparing Burundi and Rwanda,” USF Library Special & Digital Collections Exhibits, accessed May 20, 2019, http://exhibits.lib.usf.edu/items/show/489.

Geolocation