Chemical Warfare in the Kurdish Conflict
University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.
Oral History Item Type Metadata
First time the usage of chemical weapons happened was in April 16. In April 15, they used it not in the place that I was living, but fifty, sixty miles far from me. They used chemical weapons, but they used artillery and they used mustard gas. The amount of chemical in the artillery shell or bomb is small amount, so it didn't have that effect. Later they used it in valley of Balisan. They used it against--in the middle of the valley, against five villages. Eight planes came; they dropped big bombs. And see, those plane can carry--Sukhoi planes can carry six tons, so this was a large amount of mustard gas. What happened, they put it--this is a mountainous valley. They used the chemicals higher: they dropped the chemicals higher than the villages, behind the villages on the ridge of the mountain. Chemicals are heavy. They came down through the village and killed about 300 people in the first day.