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Distinguishing Between Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing

Dublin Core

Title

Distinguishing Between Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing

Subject

Genocide.

Description

Oral history video clip featuring Ben Kiernan, a professor, Yale University. This video was originally produced by Media Entertainment, Inc., for the 2000 documentary The Genocide Factor.

Creator

Media Entertainment, Inc.

Source

Genocide Factor Collection, Oral History Program, Tampa Library,
University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Publisher

Tampa, Fla. : University of South Florida Tampa Library.

Date

1999-06-04

Contributor

Kiernan, Benedict

Relation

G36-00047
Tape number: 4006B

Format

video / mp4

Language

English

Type

Oral History

Oral History Item Type Metadata

Interviewee

Kiernan, Ben

Transcription

May I just add something about ethnic cleansing? I think it’s important to distinguish between two crimes against humanity that are different, but they’re often committed by the same people, and that is genocide on the one hand and ethnic cleansing on another. And I find it useful conceptually to distinguish these two crimes by describing ethnic cleansing as an attempt to purify a territory by driving out an ethnic group, which is one way of political policy to implement a crime against humanity. But to purify a population, rather than a territory, by killing an entire ethnic group or religious group, would be genocide; that is, not being satisfied by driving them off the land and taking over the territory, but actually tracking them down and killing and exterminating them would qualify as genocide. Now, it’s true that genocidal regimes often commit ethnic cleansing as well, by driving out populations and sometimes then tracking them down and killing them later; or killing other populations on territories that they’ve captured. The Nazi regime would be an example of that. But regimes that carry out ethnic cleansing are not necessarily going to proceed to genocide, although they’re both crimes against humanity. Genocide is an aggravated, more serious crime.

Original Format

Beta tape

Duration

2:05

Citation

Media Entertainment, Inc., “Distinguishing Between Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing,” USF Library Special & Digital Collections Exhibits, accessed December 15, 2019, http://exhibits.lib.usf.edu/items/show/553.