USF Libraries | Special & Digital Collections | Exhibits

Gypsy Prisoners in the Holocaust

Dublin Core

Title

Gypsy Prisoners in the Holocaust

Subject

Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
Romanies -- Nazi persecution.

Description

Oral history video clip featuring Anne Sutherland, Professor, Macalester College. This video was originally produced by Media Entertainment, Inc., for the 2000 documentary The Genocide Factor.

Creator

Media Entertainment, Inc.

Source

Genocide Factor Collection, Oral History Program, Tampa Library,
University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Publisher

Tampa, Fla. : University of South Florida Tampa Library.

Date

1999-07-27

Contributor

Sutherland, Anne

Relation

G36-00024
Tape number: 4036D

Format

video / mp4

Language

English

Type

Oral History

Coverage

Czech Republic.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)

Oral History Item Type Metadata

Interviewer

Caitlin, Norma

Interviewee

Sutherland, Anne

Location

Rice University, Houston, Texas

Transcription

Yes, the Gypsies were held prisoner in the usual camps, Auschwitz and Buchenwald. They were—we have records of Gypsies being exterminated there. There were also special camps for the Gypsies. In Czechoslovakia, for example, there is a camp—it’s a memorial site today, but it’s a—there was a camp that the Czech government used specifically for Gypsies. So Gypsies were rounded up and put in a separate camp, and we really don’t know how many Gypsies died in that camp; but when Germany occupied Czechoslovakia, the Czech authorities set up a camp for Gypsies, under German orders, and many, many Czech Gypsies were exterminated in the thousands. So that existed in some areas, and then they were—Gypsies were in some of the regular camps. They often were put segregated into their own quarters, though; and they were used for medical experiments, so they would go to the medical section and be used as experiments of a separate race. They were viewed as a separate race, which is not really true, but they were viewed that way. And so the medical experiments that went on were—they had photographs of them, front and side, and you know, measuring cranial and that kind of stuff, that the medical—German Nazi doctors were doing on a number of groups.

They were given diseases. They were the same medical experiments that were used with other prisoners, you know, homosexuals and Jews. So, you know, that was one section of the concentration camp program was to actually do some sort of physical measurement and looking at disease and doing surgery, experimental surgery and so on. Gypsies were subject to that.

Original Format

Beta tape

Duration

2:36

Citation

Media Entertainment, Inc., “Gypsy Prisoners in the Holocaust,” USF Library Special & Digital Collections Exhibits, accessed May 24, 2019, http://exhibits.lib.usf.edu/items/show/702.

Geolocation