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Recognizing the Gypsy Holocaust

Dublin Core

Title

Recognizing the Gypsy Holocaust

Subject

Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
Romanies -- Nazi persecution.

Description

Oral history video clip featuring Anne Sutherland, Professor, Macalester College. This video was originally produced by Media Entertainment, Inc., for the 2000 documentary The Genocide Factor.

Creator

Media Entertainment, Inc.

Source

Genocide Factor Collection, Oral History Program, Tampa Library,
University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Publisher

Tampa, Fla. : University of South Florida Tampa Library.

Date

1999-07-27

Contributor

Sutherland, Anne

Relation

G36-00024
Tape number: 4036G

Format

video / mp4

Language

English

Type

Oral History

Coverage

Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)

Oral History Item Type Metadata

Interviewer

Caitlin, Norma

Interviewee

Sutherland, Anne

Location

Rice University, Houston, Texas

Transcription

Since there are very few official records on Gypsies and they don’t get recorded in a census and people don’t know about them and governments don’t really have a lot of record of them, people didn’t know about what was happening with the Gypsies before the war broke out; and during the war certainly there was not an awareness of it. I think one of the things that has happened, though, is that since the war there’s been a lot of searching for records, particularly by Jewish groups, on the Jewish extermination. And we’re really late getting to—searching for records on Gypsies. It’s starting to happen now, but this is fifty years later. And in fact, when the Holocaust Memorial was set up in Washington, originally it didn’t include Gypsies. And it was a number of Gypsy groups and advocate organizations that pressured that particular group to include the fact that Gypsies were exterminated in their memorial. But it’s been a long, hard fight to get awareness of Gypsies. The Gypsies themselves did not keep records of that. We do have witnesses—I mean, there are interviews with individual Gypsies who are survivors of concentration camps, but often they speak their own language; they may not speak Czech or Polish, you know, very well. And so they’re not part of the general record keeping.

Original Format

Beta tape

Duration

2:05

Citation

Media Entertainment, Inc., “Recognizing the Gypsy Holocaust,” USF Library Special & Digital Collections Exhibits, accessed October 23, 2019, http://exhibits.lib.usf.edu/items/show/715.