USF Libraries | Special & Digital Collections | Exhibits

Gypsy Persecution in the 1990's, Part II

Dublin Core

Title

Gypsy Persecution in the 1990's, Part II

Subject

Romanies.

Description

Oral history video clip featuring Anne Sutherland, Professor, Macalester College. This video was originally produced by Media Entertainment, Inc., for the 2000 documentary The Genocide Factor.

Creator

Media Entertainment, Inc.

Source

Genocide Factor Collection, Oral History Program, Tampa Library,
University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Publisher

Tampa, Fla. : University of South Florida Tampa Library.

Date

1999-07-27

Contributor

Sutherland, Anne

Relation

G36-00024
Tape number: 4037C

Format

video / mp4

Language

English

Type

Oral History

Oral History Item Type Metadata

Interviewer

Caitlin, Norma

Interviewee

Sutherland, Anne

Location

Rice University, Houston, Texas

Transcription

The Gypsies, or Roma, as we call them, are—have been around for a thousand years; at least, we have records for the past thousand years. And they have always been persecuted. They are a group that has always been targeted by some population, wherever they live: whether it’s in the Middle East; in India, where they originally came from; moving into Eastern and Western Europe; in the United States; in Australia; in Alaska. Wherever they’ve been, they’ve been a pariah group; that is, a group that doesn’t fit in to the general population. That, in anthropological terms, is a situation which can always lead to their persecution, whether it’s small persecutions or large—moving them, you know, deporting them. Right now, for example, Finland, which is a very humane country, is very reluctant to allow visas to Slovakia, Gypsies from Slovakia, because they’re worried about having Gypsies move into their country. Canada has been through the same thing. A lot of Czech Gypsies have fled to Canada because of the persecution in the Czech Republic, and Canada is now saying, “Well, we don’t really want any more Gypsies.” There are Gypsies coming into the United States from Eastern Europe as well. So how the American population responds to these new groups, who are going to be very different from Americans and act differently, remains to be seen. So, even tolerant countries, humane countries with good civil governments like the Czech Republic and Finland and the United States, can not want whole groups of people that they either shove away or persecute in some way. The Gypsies have a long history of dealing with persecution, and they do keep themselves separate and that’s part of their defense; it’s also one reason why they get targeted.

Original Format

Beta tape

Duration

2:37

Citation

Media Entertainment, Inc., “Gypsy Persecution in the 1990's, Part II,” USF Library Special & Digital Collections Exhibits, accessed August 17, 2019, http://exhibits.lib.usf.edu/items/show/723.