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The Role of the UN and the International Community

Dublin Core

Title

The Role of the UN and the International Community

Subject

Genocide -- Prevention.
United Nations.

Description

Oral history video clip featuring Gregory Stanton, the Director of Genocide Watch. This video was originally produced by Media Entertainment, Inc., for the 2000 documentary The Genocide Factor.

Creator

Media Entertainment, Inc.

Source

Genocide Factor Collection, Oral History Program, Tampa Library,
University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Publisher

Tampa, Fla. : University of South Florida Tampa Library.

Date

1999-09-08

Contributor

Stanton, Gregory

Relation

G36-00053
Tape number: 4063D

Format

video / mp4

Language

English

Type

Oral History

Oral History Item Type Metadata

Interviewer

Proctor, Cecily

Interviewee

Stanton, Gregory

Transcription

No, I don’t think the international community has enough plans to intervene in genocide today. I think the first thing that we have to do is try to define what the international community is. A lot of people deny that there is an international community, and I won’t do that, because I think we have a growing international community. I think it’s a growing international consciousness that is being created through our common consciousness of television, of global democratic political institutions. I think, through international economic institutions and commerce and so forth, I think we are developing an international community. And I think that the place where we see that most graphically is in the United Nations. What I think, however, is that the international community so far has failed to develop the international political institutions to empower itself to act against genocide. We need to create the concrete international political institutions to act, not only against genocide but also against a lot of other global problems. We need to reform the United Nations so that it becomes a far more effective organization, so that it can act to deal with the world’s environmental problems, so it can deal with the world’s population problems, so that it can deal with a lot of the world’s problems, so that it can not just be an international confederation and debating society. Genocide is one of the areas in which the United Nations could be most effective. One of the ways it could be most effective is if we could free up the United Nations from this paralyzing veto in the Security Council, either through some kind of agreement between the great powers that, when a UN commission that is specifically tasked with declaring that there is genocide in a country, decides there is genocide, that the veto will not be used. That could be decided in advance, or through the Uniting for Peace resolution in the General Assembly. That kind of decision-making can then authorize the use of a UN rapid response force to stop the genocide. That kind of empowerment, that kind of institutional creation of an institution to actually do something about the genocide, is something we need. We also need an international criminal court, and we’re about to have it. Whether the US is on board or not, by the end of the year 2002, we will have an international criminal court. It takes sixty countries to ratify the Rome Statute, and by the end of the year 2002 our current estimates are that we will have those sixty ratifications. And so that will be the first global court that can try genocide. The world’s dictators and war criminal better quake in their boots after that court is created. It’s not, of course, enough, because we’re still going to need the cooperation of the world’s nations to turn those people over to that court to be tried, but it’s a big step. So, I think that the international community does need to create those institutions, so that we can do something to stop genocide.

Original Format

Beta tape

Duration

4:32

Citation

Media Entertainment, Inc., “The Role of the UN and the International Community,” USF Library Special & Digital Collections Exhibits, accessed September 20, 2019, http://exhibits.lib.usf.edu/items/show/766.